A distinctive feature of formation of immunity in cats is to limit the transfer of antibodies through the placenta due to its endoteliohorialnym type. Therefore, the content in the blood imunoglobulinov newborn kittens less than 5%. That is, they have little or no active imuniteta.Ot certain death saves kittens mother colostrum, is it gives the kittens passive immunity. Even one drop of colostrum received a kitten for the first day of life, provides immunity for up to four months.
This feature of the development of immunity is common to all predators. All of them are born without an active immune system that can grow indefinitely, as opposed to passive, whose action is limited in time.
If the kittens do not receive colostrum in the first day of life, they are doomed. The fact that the intestine newborn kittens tolo in the first 24 hours after birth does not contain enzymes for digesting proteins, cells of the intestine enterocytes can penetrate into the bloodstream imunoglubulinam newborn kitten. Then the kittens lose this ability and give the kitten antibodies by the oral route is impossible. Antibodies received from their mother's milk play a local role in the gut, and then digested by enzymes.
As for the cat's milk substitutes, but nowadays none of them contains colostrum cats. Even the best of them are made using cow colostrum.
To save these kittens can be with three consecutive first day of life by subcutaneous injection of 5 ml of blood serum taken from a cat or not pregnant and not lactating cats living in the same place as the kittens. Pregnant and lactating cats are prone to anemia. Serum from the blood of animals living in a different location will not contain antietela to infectious agents that are present in the residence of kittens.
This technique can be used to avoid hemolytic disease of kittens. Can be fed to the serum from blood donors with a safe for kittens Rhesus blood.
More effective by subcutaneous injection, and serum consumption will be lower. If the serum is not enough for the entire litter, you can enter subcutaneously once every 7 ml of a kitten.
With 1.5 months of age in kittens begin the process of forming its own active immunity, but passive immunity lasts.
Upon reaching the age of four months, kittens, most of them completely lose their passive immunity.
It happens gradually. The level of antibodies in the blood of kittens at 6 weeks - 75% in 9 weeks - 60% in 16 weeks - 40%, and 18 weeks - 5%. For this reason, vaccination of kittens up to four months of age is not effective.
At this age the kitten is in the process of change of milk teeth. It starts at 3 months. and ends at 7. Therefore, the age from three to seven months of the most dangerous in terms of infection of kittens. Because his own active immunity in its formative stages, and the passive being eroded.
Therefore, in order that the body has developed a kitten active immunity, the first vaccination is best done after changing the baby teeth.
But by the year of his life in cats immunity against severe disease is fully developed.
Certainly vaccination gives temporary protection to the body from viral diseases, but often leads to vaccinosis (persistent, chronic health conditions).
The risk of chronic diseases after vaccination is significantly higher than naturally occurring diseases. The fact that most viral diseases, with the exception of rabies, transmitted by airborne droplets, and the agent gradually penetrates into the body, he has time to prepare to fight against the enemy. With vaccination, especially in the form of injections, the body has no time to prepare the immune response. There is a sharp overall immune response of all body systems. When a booster immune stimulation becomes excessive load on the body, and it is not justified.
Most vaccines do not contain live viruses, and whole, and fragments of their DNA and RNA. In response to the penetration of foreign proteins the body begins to produce antibodies rapidly, often taking their proteins for Alien, which leads to the development of autoimmune diseases that lead to the destruction of its own tissues body. in naturally occurring diseases, the body reacts to the external structure of the pathogen, which is difficult to confuse with their own cells, a reaction to the introduction of the pathogen occurs at the local level, in place of the introduction of the pathogen in the body.
Usually a manifestation of diseases such as cystitis, cardiomyopathy, nephritis, arthritis, conjunctivitis, rhinitis and other diseases that occur periodically, after 1-2 months after vaccination.
In addition, vaccines containing different adjuvants: antibiotics, preservatives, adjuvants (aluminum, mercury, formaldehyde). They are toxic and carcinogenic. It is for this reason is sometimes used to vaccines in the tail, so that in case of cancer, his amputated.
The probability of occurrence of autoimmune diseases is much higher when using multicomponent vaccine with a booster in 3-4 weeks. It is better to alternate between the introduction of monovalent vaccine with a minimum of boosters.