Based on communication with potential owners of kittens, many people believe that cats living in the kennel, breed and feed on their own. And breeders are taking money for it.
How else to explain their surprise and sometimes resentment about the price of kittens. I do not know, as in other countries, but in our country, few people know who the breeder and what the nursery. The population, still exists a stereotype in the process of purchasing pedigreed animals. In their view, it is certain citizens who clearly overestimated the price. Fortunately, thanks to numerous publications in all media, people do not want, and rightly so afraid to buy kittens in the street, pet shops, and more so on this dreaded "bird." Still have no idea what stock-breeding cats, and what the work breeder containing nursery. In this small article I will try to tell you about the work of the breeder to make up for the lack of information about this enormous project. I want to be forewarned that here we will focus on these professionals, dedicated breeders, please do not be confused with the hucksters from the streets and markets, farms and informative cat resellers.
Here are a few of the functions performed by the owner of the kennel / breeding animal.
1. The choice of feline.
Each system has its Felinological standards of breeds, exhibition rules, tribal status on admission to the breeding, registration of manufacturers and their litters, carrying litters, etc.
More than a coherent and standard drawn up, the easier it is to understand what an ideal to strive for.
There are systems that recognize the titles and grades received only at their shows, is recognizing and assessing the titles obtained at the all systems.
There felinology systems that impose age restrictions on the use of producers in breeding, there are systems that do not impose such restrictions.
There are systems that do not allow producers to breed without titles and ratings, that is, necessarily introduced, compulsory attendance of exhibitions. Is it worth it "fun" is not cheap. Observe, let alone participate in these events is not always safe and pleasant. Often occur brawl between breeders, and attempt, sometimes to the consternation, successful, kill animals and competitors. It is obvious that the show - a lot of stress for cats and their high risk of infection. If this happens, the cure will have the entire nursery. Despite the fact that all animals undergo a full course of vaccinations before visiting the exhibition, it happens. The reason is that viruses mutate so rapidly that vaccine manufacturers do not have time to produce new products that can protect the cats.
And there are such systems, for example, ASSOLUX , which provide breeding animal owner to decide what animal to allow for breeding. Of course, the breeder may be obtained from expert advice on breeding, information about the defects and shortcomings of their producers, but the final decision is entitled to only the breeder. In such systems, visiting exhibitions - is voluntary, and getting estimates drawbridges not a prerequisite for admission to breeding.
Rules feline breeding systems is largely borrowed from the dog, with far more experience in breeding, which in some respects is not allowed.
For example, the frequency of matings. How can you compare the sexiest animals on the planet, for which the rate of heat 4 of the year, with more relaxed in this regard, the dogs, for which the rate of 2.1 estrus per year.
The same applies to visiting. Stress Tolerance of dogs for transportation and staying in a noisy room with lots of people and animals is understandable Half of their daily walks, which is not and never will be the cats, even if you begin to walk as well as dogs. This is especially the nervous system of cats. It would be wiser to avoid the mandatory visits to exhibitions for cats, replacing individual expertise to the table by the expert. If the breeder exhibition party - a way of life and recreation from the monotony of everyday life, for cats - it's a huge stress.
Especially criminal practice of selling kittens at shows, which legalized in systems of this type. And how do they differ from birds? The same approach. While there are no restrictions on age earlier than 3 months, but there are few who obey. Sell ??kittens larvae from 1-1.5 months, including the house. In civilized countries do not sell kittens adopted at the shows. Only from home breeder - the house of the new owner.
Simply say, if you love cats, exhibition and competition at any cost is not for you! Therefore, before buying a cat for breeding, please read the terms of the sale and breeding rules of the club.
2. Acquisition of manufacturers.
After lengthy, sometimes for years, searching for, you got manufacturers suffered huge material costs. Even if they grow in the most handsome men, they dream of some of them may be sterile, or will give the offspring, worse than they are of quality. It's genetics, it is not possible to predict. And no, even the highest titles of the parents does not guarantee high-quality breed their offspring.
3. Conduct breeding.
If you have not only a cat, but your cat, you do not have to risk the health of their cats, sending them on to the breeding cats, which has passed through half the town. You can imagine how to treat a pregnant cat, kittens, and what then will be born. And the cat open to the stud, in spite of all precautions, can be infected. But in the breeding work, sometimes take calculated risks to achieve good results. To reduce the risk of infection, breeding is carried out only after the medical report on the state of health. And the cost of mating is not small. This is another cost item for the breeders do not have their cats. By no means everyone agrees to keep the labeling cat. Here everyone chooses according to his ability.
3. Acceptance of delivery.
You're lucky if childbirth and pregnancy passed without complications. And they sometimes happen. This is a miscarriage, weakening or stopping contractions during childbirth, the pathology of the fetus, amniotic sac rupture at birth canal, after prolonged asphyxia kitten delivery, postpartum neonatal injury, etc. You may need to carry out an operation to extract the kittens and the kittens and cats resuscitation. There is a risk of loss and cat litter.
4. Growing healthy and bred kittens.
Here's how it happens. The first month of life, if the cat is feeling well enough after giving birth and her milk is enough to feed the entire litter, the breeder must provide her with the kittens and a comfortable place, where nobody will bother a high-calorie diet, with all moods. Otherwise the cat may leave the kittens and she lost milk. If the cat had a number of kittens (more than 4) may have to use artificial feeding, cooking special. mixture of milk and alternatives cat nurse kittens nipples.
The same will have to do if blood kittens and cats are different. Otherwise, a kitten dies.
At the age of one month of the kittens begin to defecate on their own (without the aid of the mother). It is necessary to monitor their behavior. Almost a process accustom to the tray. The final consolidation of the acquired skills ends rather quickly, if not stressful. The fact that kittens highly developed sense of smell, and only once to put them in a tray, in which pre-moistened wipe put their urine. The main thing that stood in the tray is accessible to them there, but away from the place of a meal.
At the same age (1 month) kittens start receiving complementary foods.
Frequency of feeding kittens
- 1 month - 8 times a day
- 2 months - 6 times a day
- 2.5 months - 5 times a day
- 3 months - 4 times a day.
Go to the dry food until 8 weeks. This suggests that for a normal breastfeeding kittens should always stay home and cook them for food.
It must be remembered the most important! The longer the kittens will get the mother's milk, the stronger they grow.
And it is not amiss to note that the age of 12 weeks increased the risk of injuries of varying severity, or death. That's why the rules on feline kitten weaning organizations from the mother before 12 weeks is prohibited.
5. Search for deserving owners of kittens.
Numerous photo shoots, continuous delivery of ads to all available information sources, while pursuing the basic work on the content of the kennel. It is a daily hard work and great material costs.
6. Pstoyanny contact with the owners of the graduates.
Be available to them day and night, so at any time to help, to advise on any issue.
7. Daily care and maintenance of pets.
This constant monitoring and selection of the best professional feeds. In an era of fraud is especially relevant. You can lose your entire nursery. Regular decontamination of premises and equipment. Regular updating of worn-out accessories (bowls, toilets, playgrounds, beds, etc.). Preventive veterinary examinations and vaccinations. As an example I can give the calculation of the cost of the contents of my cattery British Shorthair Ridolina
8. Training, study of literature.
Selection of vendors for mating, based on their phenotype and genotype. It is very difficult and long labor. Should be guided not only by external data producers and their knowledge of genetics, but each time they check on the offspring. To help breeders regularly training courses on all matters feline, starting with the simplest of questions on the content, care, obstetrics, genetics, colors, standards, to complex questions of breeding, including genetic characteristics of the transfer of breed characteristics, diseases, etc.
Each of these points - it's a separate issue, described in textbooks on feline, scientific papers and books.
Hopefully, soon will come the happy times when the work will be respected Breeder!